FEATURED ARTIST / S
|Blind Lemon Jefferson|
Blind Lemon Jefferson, vocal, guitar.
Genres: Country Blues, Texas Country Blues, Country Blues Guitar.
Informative booklet notes by Bob Groom
Pianist Sammy Price is credited with bringing Jefferson to the attention of Mayo Williams of Paramount Records, who were looking for other male blues artists to follow up their initial success with Papa Charlie Jackson. Curiously, these were two old spirituals which were later issued under the pseudonym 'Deacon L. J. Bates'. Perhaps the idea was to test the market for this unusual-sounding performer, however the recordings were held back for release until the following autumn. Certainly they lack the impact of Lemon's blues performances. A more passionate version of Pure Religion was recorded by Blind Gussie Nesbit in 1930 (Columbia 14576-D) while the 1927 recording of I Want To Be Like Jesus In My Heart by Mississippi blues singer Sam Collins (Gennett 6291), with slide guitar accompaniment, offers a useful comparison with Lemon's recording. Early in 1926 Lemon was recalled to the studio to record some blues. The four sides from this session were used for his first two records. Booster Blues and Dry Southern Blues were issued around the beginning of April and sales were obviously good as Paramount quickly issued Got the Blues and Long Lonesome Blues. This second record was phenomenally successful, tapping a market thirsty for Southern-styled blues. Within a few weeks Got The Blues and Long Lonesome Blues were remade at the Marsh Laboratories and these new recordings were used for later pressings of Paramount 12354.
Lines and verses from Jefferson's songs crop up in many later blues recordings. Robert Johnson adapted v.2 and v. 3 of Dry Southern Blues for his Love In Vain Blues and Walking Blues. The tremendous success of Lemon's Black Horse Blues probably inspired Tommy Johnson's Black Mare Blues and Charlie Patton to record his Pony Blues. Jefferson himself drew on the blues tradition extensively. Corinna Blues uses the tune and first verse of See See Rider, while Jack O'Diamonds is a straight version of an old gambling ballad, with Lemon playing knife-style slide guitar in an open tuning, for the only time on record. Another old-time number he recorded was Beggin' Back, a variant of the piece recorded by Frank Stokes as Take Me Back (Victor V-38531) in 1928, but composed as far back as 1898 by B. McMahon.
In Old Rounders Blues, a celebration of dissolute living which opens with an ear-splitting cowboy yell, Lemon sings "ain't goin' to marry, ain't gonna settle down". However, he did have a wife down in Texas, Roberta, and one wonders what she made of lines like "I got a girl for Monday. Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday too" (in Chock House Blues) as Lemon spent more and more time up north in Chicago. (Furry Lewis and Jim Jackson also made use of the "girl for every day in the week" idea on record.) Perhaps he was thinking of her when he sang (in Stocking Feet Blues) the striking verse "Somebody just keeps on followin' me, she got hair like a mermaid on the sea".That Black Snake Moan, with its strong sexual imagery, was a pre-Christmas hit, giving Lemon 6 successful releases in 1926. Victoria Spivey always claimed, with some justification, that Jefferson based his song on her Black Snake Blues (OKeh 8338). However, Lemon's song stands on its own merits and its popularity was such that he made no less than three later versions of the theme.
Blind Lemon's first 1927 release coupled Wartime Blues, composed of floating verses but with a title verse that harked back to World War 1, and Booger Rooger Blues, which mentions various Dallas neighbourhoods where he had lady friends. In March Paramount released Bad Luck Blues and Broke And Hungry, which probably inspired Sleepy John Estes' first Victor recording, Broken-Hearted, Ragged And Dirty Too, in September, 1929. In April Paramount put out the first Blind Lemon record that bore the slogan "electrically recorded". Rabbit Foot Blues, which opens with the immortal line, "blues jumped a rabbit, run him one solid mile", and Shuckin' Sugar Blues, with its attractive melody and catchy title refrain. Jefferson's uncompromising approach and consistently high standard of performance ensured that his records continued to sell in large quantities until the end of the decade.